Thomas Worsley’s Letters Patent

The warrant appointing Joshua Kirby and his son William joint Clerk of the Works at Richmond and Kew was a comparatively modest affair. The more senior the position, the fancier the document. The Hogarth Trust has a copy of the Letters Patent appointing William Hogarth Sergeant Painter, and has published a transcription of the text. Soon after his accession to the throne George III began his reorganization of the Office of Works with the appointment of Thomas Worsley to Surveyor General, the senior position in the department. The text granting his appointment on December 15 1760 was suitably florid:

George the third by the Grace of God of Great Britain France & Ireland King, Defender of the Faith &c. To all to whom these Presents shall come Greeting. Whereas Our late Royal Grandfather George the Second of Glorious and happy Memory did by his Letters Patent under his Great Seal of Great Britain bearing the date at Westmr. 30th day of December in the 17th Year of his Reign; Give and Grant unto his trusty and wellbeloved Henry Finch Esqr. the Office of Surveyor of his Works within his Tower of London and in all and singular his Honours Castles Lordships and Manors which his said late Majesty usually reserved for his Repair and abode or which he should in time then to come Appoint for his Repair and Abode. To hold the same by himself or his sufficient Deputy or Deputys, such Deputy or Deputys to be first Approved of by the Commissioners of his said late Majesty’s Treasury or High Treasurer for the time being together with the Wages & Fee of 2s. by the day for himself and sixpence by the day for the Wages and fee of one Clerk and also 4s by the day for the diet Boathire & Riding Charges of the said Henry Finch & of his Deputys & Assigns for every day which he or his Deputy or Deputys should be actually Employ’d in the said Service and likewise an Additional yearly fee or Salary of £400. And all other Rights, Powers, Priviledges, Profits and Advantages whatsoever thereunto belonging during his said late Majesty’s Pleasure as by the said recited Letters Patent (relation being thereunto had) may more at large Appear; In which said Office according to the Form of the Statute in such Case made and provided he is continued for the Space of 6 mo.ths from the time of the demise of his said late Majesty unless he shall by Us be sooner Removed & Discharged from the said Office Now know ye that We have revoked & determined and by these Presents do Revoke and Determine the said recited Letters Patent and every Clause Article & thing therein Contained, and him the said Henry Finch We do remove and discharge from the said Office by these Presents And further know ye that We of Our Especial Grace certain knowledge and meer Motion Have Given & Granted & by these Presents Do Give and Grant unto Our Trusty & Wellbeloved Thomas Worsley Esqr. the Office of Surveyor of Our Works within Our Tower of London and in all and singular Our Honours, Castles, Lordships and Manors which We usually reserve for Our Repair and Abode or which We in time to come shall Appoint for Our Repair and Abode; and him the said Thomas Worsley Surveyor of all and singular Our aforesaid Works We do make ordain & constitute by these Presents To have hold Exercise & Enjoy the said Office unto the said Thomas Worsley by himself or his sufficient Deputy or Deputys (such Deputy of Deputys to be first Approved of by the Commrs. of Our Treasury or Our High Treasurer for the time being) together with all & singular Rights Powers Priviledges, Profits Commodities Wages Fees Salaries and Advantages whatsoever to the said Office of Surveyor of the Works aforesaid belonging or on any wise Appertaining during Our Pleasure in as ample manner & form as he the said Henry Finch or any other Person or Persons have or hath held exercised or enjoy’d or ought to have held Exercised or Enjoyed the same And We do also by these Presents of Our further especial Grace, Give and Grant unto the said Thomas Worsley in and for Exercising the Office aforesaid the Wages & Fee of 2s. by the day for himself, and for the Wages & Fees of one Clerk to serve in the said under him the said Thomas Worsley sixpence by the day To have and Yearly receive & take the sd. Wages and Fee of 2s. by the day for himself and sixpence a day for his Clerk to the said Thomas Worsley or his Assigns during Our Pleasure out of the Treasure remaining or being from time to time in the Receipts of Our Exchequer applicable to the Uses of Our Civil Government by the hands of the Commrs. of Our Treasury or Our High Treasurer Chancr and under Treasurer of Our Exchequer now and for the time being at the four most usual Feasts or Terms in the Year that is to say the Feasts of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist; St Michael the Archangel; yhe birth of Our Lord Christ; And the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary: The first Payment thereof to commence & be Computed from the date of these Our Letters Patent unto and for the Feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary next ensuing & from thence the subsequent Payments to be made Quarterly at the Feasts Aforesaid during Our Pleasure. And We have also Given and Granted and by these Presents Do give and grant unto the said Thomas Worsley for the Diet Boathire & Riding Charges of him the said Thoms. Worsley his Deputies & Assigns as hath been accustomed four shillings of lawfull Money of Great Britain by the day for every day he or his Deputy or Deputies shall be actually Employed in the said Service To have hold and yearly receive the same unto the said Thomas Worsley his Deputy or Deputies or Assigns & to be Paid by the hands of the Paymaster for the time being that shall pay the Books of the Works during Our Pleasure And for the further Encouragement of the said Thomas Worsley diligently to attend the Execution of the said Office of Surveyor and to inspect regulate & reform the Business in Our Office of the Works for Our Profit and Advantage of Our further and especial Grace certain knowledge and meer Motion We have Given & Granted and by these Presents Do Give and Grant unto the said Thoms. Worsley the yearly Fee or Salary of £400 being the same as was Granted to the said henry Finch by the above recited Letters Patent in Addition to the several Wages, Fees, Salaries and the other Advantages which he is to have and receive; The said additional yearly Fee or Salary of £400 to be paid and payable unto hi by the hands of the Paymaster of Our Works for the time being during Our Pleasure & to be inserted and paid from the day of the date of these Our Letters patent in the monthly Books of the Expence of Our said Office of Works in like manner as other the Salaries to Officers of Our Works are in the said Books inserted and paid And Our further Will and Pleasure is and We do hereby direct Require & Demand the said Thomas Worsley from time to time to follow and obey such good Orders as are already made or as shall be thought meet hereafter to be Established by Us or the Commrs. of Our Treasury or Our High Treasurer for the time being for Reformation of Disorders and Surcharges in the Office of the said Works and for the Order of all other Our Officers appertaining to the said Works And lastly We do by these Presents Declare & Grant that these Our Lettters Patent or the Inrollment or Exemplification thereof shall be in and by all Things good firm valid and Sufficient and effectual in the Law according to the true intent and meaning thereof notwithstanding the not fully or truly reciting the said recited Letters Patent or the date thereof or any other Omission Imperfection Defect matter cause of thing whatsoever to the Contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding. In Witness whereof We have caused these Our Letters to be made Patent Witness Our Self at Westminster 15th day of Decr. In the 1st Year of Our Reign.

By Writt of Privy Seal – Cocks

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